CountryDEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF COSTA RICA
Capital CitySAN JOSÉ
Time zone-6 HOURS
Costa Rica is a democratic republic. Army was abolished in 1948 and the following year's constitution guaranteed all citizens equality under the law, free expression and the rest of the rights and freedoms of modern constitutionalism, in addition to devoting the separation of powers.
After the elimination of the army, the country used the military funds until then military in a great importance conservation strategy. The result is visible today: almost 26% of Costa Rica's territory is part of the Protected Wildlife Areas (ASAP) such as national parks, wildlife refuges, among other protected areas, and almost 3% of Costa Rica's marine area is also protected by law.
The location of Costa Rica in the map is quite peculiar because it is in the middle of the isthmus of Central America, between Nicaragua and Panama and between the Caribbean and the Pacific. It is divided by a mountainous column belonging to the chain that runs through the western side of Americas and that in Ticas lands is divided into four mountain ranges: Guanacaste and Tilarán to the north and Cordillera Central and Talamanca to the south. On its summits are 7 of the 42 active volcanoes in the isthmus, as well as dozens of latent or extinct cones. That is why Costa Rica belongs to the so-called Pacific Ring of Fire and has had to get used to the quakes that, occasionally, shake its territory.
Costa Rica is one of the countries with the highest biodiversity in the world, with an area of just over 50,000 km2, has 6% of the world's biodiversity and still many undiscovered species ... The highest mountain is Cerro Chirripó which reaches 3,820 meters, and the active craters of the Arenal, Irazú or Poás are so attractive as the several rivers and streams that frequent canoeists and rafting lovers. Beaches, of course, are a separate chapter: there are perfect beaches for surfers, for couples traveling with children, for divers and for those looking for virgin and idyllic sands.